Smallest Country in the World
Smallest Country in the World

Top 10 Smallest Countries

Karin Lehnardt
By Karin Lehnardt, Senior Writer
Published July 13, 2020
  • Vatican City
    0.2 square miles (.49 square km). 
  • Vatican City Fact
    Measuring just 0.2 square miles, Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. The official seat of the Roman Catholic Church since 1377, Vatican City is nearly 120 times smaller than the island of Manhattan and even smaller than New York's Central Park. Out of the 800-850 Vatican City's residents, nearly 75% of them are members of the clergy.

  • Monaco
    .75 sq miles (2.2 square km)
  • Monaco Fact
    Officially the Principality of Monaco, Monaco is the second-smallest country in the world with an area of 0.78 square miles (2.02 square km). With a population of 48,466 people per square mile, Monaco is also the most densely populated country in the world. The name "Monaco" is from the Greek word meaning "single house."

  • Nauru
    8.1 sq miles (2.1 square km)

  • Nauru Fact
    With an area of 8.1 square miles (21 square km), Nauru is the third-smallest country in the world, the smallest state in the South Pacific Ocean, and the smallest state outside of Europe, the smallest island state, and the smallest republic. With a population of 10, 670, its population is the third smallest.

  • Tuvalu
    10 sq miles (26 square km)

  • Tuvalu Fact
    With a land area that accounts for less than 26 square miles and a population of just 11,000 people, Tuvalu is the fourth smallest nation in the world. However, two of Tuvalu's nine islands are on the verge of coastal erosion and being swallowed by the sea.

  • San Marino
    23.6 square miles (61 sq km)

  • San Marino Fact
    With a land area of just over 24 square miles (61 square kilometers), San Marino is the world's fifth smallest country. It derives its name from Saint  Marinus, a stonemason from the Roman colony in what is modern-day Croatia.

  • Liechtenstein
    61 square miles (160 square km)
  • Liechtenstein Facts
    Liechtenstein is about 62 square miles (160 square km). By comparison, the United States is about 9,833,517 square km, making it 6,145,848% larger than Liechtenstein. Despite its small size, it has a per capita GDP of $165,028, which is the second highest in the world. It also has virtually zero national debt.

  • Marshall Islands
    70 square miles (181.43 square km)
  • The Marshall Islands Fact
    At just 70 square miles of land, the Marshall Islands are the seventh smallest country in the world. Even though it's small, it is home to the largest atoll in the world. It is also home to the Bikini Atoll, which is a popular dive site made famous when Americans tested an atomic bomb there.

  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
    101 square miles (261 square km)
  • St Kitts and Nevis
    Warm beaches, scenery, and a warm sunny climate, St Kitts and Nevis is the 8th smallest country in the world. With an area of 104 square miles (269 square km),  St Kitts and Nevis may be small but it is packed with history, culture, and cuisine.

  • Maldives
    115 square miles (300 square km) 
  • Smallest Countries
    With an area of 115 square miles (298 square km) the Maldives is the world's 9th smallest country. It is also the lowest country in the world, with an average of just 1.5 meters above sea level.

  • Malta
    122 square miles (316 square km)
  • Malta Facts
    At 316 square km, Malta is the 10th smallest country in the world. Its name is derived from a Greek word for "honey." Its ancient capital, Valletta is a UNESCO Cultural Heritage Site, and its enchanting lagoons and beaches keep travelers coming.


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